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 1913-1922 Military History

 

 

Also refer to the November 1922 Army Census [Link]

 

Alphabetical Index

By County

 

Chris Treacy, Monasterevan, Co. Kildare

Christopher/Kit Treacy, Lieutenant, Monasterevin, Co. Kildare

Christopher Tracey, 21 Caragh Road, Naas, Co. Kildare.

Columbo Treacy, Kiltrustan, Co. Roscommon

Con Treacy of Toomevara, Tipperary

Cornelius Treacy [of Lislea, Longford?]

 

Denis Treacy, Ballyhorgan, County Kerry

Denis Treacy, Dunnamaggin, Co. Kilkenny

 

E. Tracey, Capt & 2nd Lieut, Dublin?

Edward Tracey, Dublin

Edward Tracey, Glenelly Valley, County Tyrone.

Edward Treacy, Ivy House, Holycross, Tipperary

Edward Treacy, O/C Prosperous, Co. Kildare

Edward/Éamonn Tracey, 1st Lieutenant, of Bruff Limerick

Eugene Tracey, Fenagh, County Carlow

 

Francis [Frances] Treacy, Dublin.

Frank Treacy,  Cloonfree Coy. Co. Roscommon

Frank Treacy, Kiltrustan, Co. Roscommon

 

James Treacy Mountbellew, Ballinasloe Co. Galway

James Treacy or Seán Treasaigh of Mountbellew, Galway and Wicklow

James Treacy, Raheen, Co. Kilkenny

Jerry Treacy, Company Captain of Pallas, Co. Limerick

Joe Treacy, Ballymacaquim, Co. Kerry

John Joseph Treacy, Ballinturly, Fuerty, Co. Roscommon 

John Rupert Treacy, [Professor] of Youghal, County Cork, Limerick, Dublin and Sligo.

John Tracy, Nationalist solicitor, Derry and Donegal

John Treacey/Treacy, Roscrea, Tipperary

John Treacy, Abbey, Co. Galway

Joseph Tracey, Bunavie, Co. Limerick

Joseph Tracey, Mullingar, Westmeath

Joseph Treacy, Dunmore Coy., Co. Galway

 

Kathleen Treacy, Cumann na mBan, Wicklow

 

Michael Tracey, of Ballinalee, Co. Longford. North Longford Flying Column

Michael Tracy, Faugh, Co. Cavan

Michael Treacy, Athenry, Co. Galway

Michael Treacy, Dublin

Michael Treacy, Dublin

Mrs. Tracey, Ballingore, Westmeath

 

Nora Treacy, Ballinturly, Fuerty, Co. Roscommon

 

Paddy Tracey, of Kanturk, Co. Cork?

Pat Treacy, Ballinturly, Fuerty, Co. Roscommon

Pat Treacy, of Dublin

Patrick S. Treacy, 3rd Batt, Nth Wexford Brigade

Patrick Tracey, Cannon, of Cork

Patrick Treacy, Captain IRA Galway

Patrick Treacy, Glenamaddy Coy., Co. Galway

Patrick Treacy, Glentworth hotel, Limerick [Photograph]

Patrick Treacy, Kilteevan Coy., Co. Roscommon

 

Richard Treacy of Bishopswood, Co. Tipperary

Robert/Bob Tracy of Castlebar, Co. Mayo

Rody Treacy of Nenagh Co. Tipperary and Dublin

 

Samuel Tracey of Louth Town

Seamus [James] O’Treacy, Dublin

Sean [John] Tracey, Dublin

Seán Tracey, of Ballinalee, Co. Longford. North Longford Flying Column

Sean Treacy (1895-1920) of Soloheadbeg, Co. Tipperary

Stephen Treacy, senior, of NY and Dublin

Stephen, Treacy, junior, of Dublin

 

Thomas Tracey/Treacy, from [Roscrea?] Tipperary. Casements Irish Brigade

Thomas Tracy, Guards Reserve, Dublin & Mayo

Thomas Treacy, Captain, Commandant IRA Kilkenny & Commandant Ballykinlar Camp

Thomas Treacy, Cootehall, Co. Roscommon

Thomas Treacy, private Royal Irish Regiment, Tipperary and died Dublin 1916

 

Tracey, boy of Dublin

Tracey, Capt & Tracey, Lieut,  1st Battalion of the Dublin Regiment of the National Volunteers

Tracy, Captain of Cranagh, Co. Tyrone

Treacy, boatman on the Shannon [Co. Roscommon?]

Treacy, Capt., Limerick

Treacy, Castlegregory, Co. Kerry

 

 

 

 

CARLOW

 

Eugene Tracey, Fenagh, County Carlow

CAVAN

 

Michael Tracy, Faugh, Co. Cavan

CORK

 

John Rupert Treacy, [Professor] of Youghal, County Cork, Limerick, Dublin and Sligo.

 

Paddy Tracey, of Kanturk, Co. Cork?

 

Patrick Tracey, Rev Cannon, of Cork

DERRY

 

John Tracy, Nationalist solicitor, Derry and Donegal

DONEGAL

 

John Tracy, Nationalist solicitor, Derry and Donegal

DOWN

 

Ballykinlar Camp

John Rupert Treacy, [Professor] of Youghal, County Cork, Dublin and Sligo.

Stephen Treacy, senior, of NY and Dublin

Stephen, Treacy, junior, of Dublin

Thomas Treacy, Captain, Commandant IRA Kilkenny & Commandant Ballykinlar Camp

Treacy, Castlegregory, Co. Kerry

No.1 Compound

Stephen Treacy, 44 Upper Wellington street, Dublin

Thomas Treacy, Kilkenny (last commandant)

No.2 Compound

Edward Treacy, Ivy House, Holycross, Tipperary

Stephen Treacy, 44 Upper Wellington street, Dublin

O Duibhir, Liam (2013) Prisoners of War: Ballykinlar Interment Camp 1920-1921. Mercier Press, Cork.

DUBLIN

 

boy Tracey, of Dublin

 

E. Tracey, Capt & 2nd Lieut, Dublin?

 

Edward Tracey, Dublin

 

Francis [Frances] Treacy, Dublin.

 

John Rupert Treacy, [Professor] of Youghal, County Cork, Limerick, Dublin and Sligo.

 

Michael Treacy, Dublin

 

Pat Treacy, of Dublin

 

Rody Treacy of Nenagh Co. Tipperary and Dublin

 

Seamus [James] O’Treacy, Dublin

 

Sean [John] Tracey, Dublin

 

Stephen Treacy, senior, of NY and Dublin

Stephen, Treacy, junior, of Dublin

 

Thomas Treacy, private Royal Irish Regiment, Tipperary and died Dublin 1916

 

Thomas Tracy, Guards Reserve, Dublin & Mayo

 

Capt Tracey...Lieut Tracey, 1st Battalion of the Dublin Regiment of the National Volunteers

GALWAY

 

James Treacy or Seán Treasaigh of Mountbellew, Galway and Wicklow

 

John Treacy, Abbey, Co. Galway

 

Joseph Treacy, Dunmore Coy., Co. Galway

 

Michael Treacy, Athenry, Co. Galway

 

Patrick Treacy, Captain IRA, Glenamaddy Coy., Co. Galway

KERRY

 

Joe Treacy, Ballymacaquim, Co. Kerry

 

Denis Treacy, Ballyhorgan, County Kerry

 

Treacy, Castlegregory, Co. Kerry

KILDARE

 

Christopher (Kit) Treacy, Lieutenant, Monasterevin, Co. Kildare

 

Christopher Tracey, 21 Caragh Road, Naas, Co. Kildare.

 

Edward Treacy, O/C Prosperous, Co. Kildare

KILKENNY

 

Denis Treacy, Dunnamaggin, Co. Kilkenny

 

James Treacy, Raheen, Co. Kilkenny

 

Thomas Treacy, Captain, Commandant IRA Kilkenny & Commandant Ballykinlar Camp

LIMERICK

 

Edward/Éamonn Tracey, 1st Lieutenant, of Bruff Limerick

 

Jerry Treacy, Company Captain of Pallas, Co. Limerick

 

John Rupert Treacy, [Professor] of Youghal, County Cork, Limerick, Dublin and Sligo.

 

Joseph Tracey, Bunavie, Co. Limerick

 

Patrick Treacy, Glentworth hotel, Limerick [Photograph]

 

Treacy, Capt., Limerick

LONGFORD

 

Cornelius Treacy [of Lislea, Longford?]

 

Seán and Michael Tracey, of Ballinalee, Co. Longford. North Longford Flying Column

LOUTH

 

Samuel Tracey of Louth Town

MAYO

 

Robert (Bob) Treacy of Castlebar, Co. Mayo

 

Thomas Tracy, Guards Reserve, Dublin & Mayo

ROSCOMMON

 

Columbo Treacy, Kiltrustan, Co. Roscommon

 

Frank Treacy, Cloonfree Coy. Co. Roscommon

 

Frank Treacy, Kiltrustan, Co. Roscommon

 

John Joseph Treacy, Ballinturly, Fuerty, Co. Roscommon 

 

Nora Treacy, Ballinturly, Fuerty, Co. Roscommon

 

Pat Treacy, Ballinturly, Fuerty, Co. Roscommon

 

Patrick Treacy, Kilteevan Coy., Co. Roscommon

 

Thomas Treacy, Cootehall, Co. Roscommon

 

Treacy, boatman on the Shannon [Co. Roscommon?]

SLIGO

 

John Rupert Treacy, [Professor] of Youghal, County Cork, Limerick, Dublin and Sligo.

TIPPERARY

 

Con Treacy of Toomevara, Tipperary

 

Edward Treacy, Ivy House, Holycross, Tipperary

 

John Treacey/Treacy, Roscrea, Tipperary

 

Richard Treacy of Bishopswood, Co. Tipperary

 

Rody Treacy of Nenagh Co. Tipperary and Dublin

 

Sean Treacy (1895-1920) of Soloheadbeg, Co. Tipperary

 

Thomas Treacy, private Royal Irish Regiment, Tipperary and died Dublin 1916

 

Thomas Tracey/Treacy, from [Roscrea?] Tipperary. Casements Irish Brigade

TYRONE

 

Tracy, Captain of Cranagh, Co. Tyrone

 

Edward Tracey, Glenelly Valley, County Tyrone.

WESTMEATH

 

Joseph Tracey, Mullingar, Westmeath

 

Mrs. Tracey, Ballingore, Westmeath

WEXFORD

 

Patrick S. Treacy, 3rd Batt, Nth Wexford Brigade

 

Tracey [or Lacey], Barrack Street, Wexford Town

WICKLOW

 

Kathleen Treacy, Cumann na mBan, Wicklow

 

James Treacy or Seán Treasaigh of Mountbellew, Galway and Wicklow

 

 

Kate Tracy of Dublin

It was on the advice of Michael Collins that I took over a restaurant called the West End at 40 Parkgate Street, a few months after the arrival of the Black and Tans... I installed myself there and things turned out as expected. I had a Cumann na mBan assistant, Máire Gleeson, who is now dead, and another girl, Katie Tracy. They were both very reliable.

Witness: Margaret O'Callaghan, nee Peg Flanagan; Member Cumann na mBan, 1917

...Molly Gleeson... who now owned the Stad Restaurant in Frederick Street, had taken the Republican side... Arnott [ex Black and Tan] was down and out and another girl, Kate Tracy, and myself put him up for a night and gave him his fare back to England... He kept up a correspondence with Kate Tracy and told her that his father had settled him up in a poultry farm. He was an educated fellow and was very nice. He got up early the following morning and went off to the boat before we were up. He sent Kate several snapshots of himself and his hens and returned the two pounds we had given him...

Witness: Aine Ryan, Member Cumann na mBan, Offaly, 1916

 

Kathleen Treacy, Cumann na mBan, Wicklow

One of the Cumann na mBan girls from Wicklow, Kathleen Treacy, whilst visiting me in the jail at Wicklow a couple of days after my transfer then, informed me that there was a gentleman going around the comity wearing a Fáinne and stating that he was an officer from General Headquarters. He informed them in Wicklow town that he was sent down from G.H.Q. to reorganize the county and convene a meeting, for the purpose of appointing somebody to replace me and take reprisals for my arrest. I immediately got suspicions, as I had never notified G.H.Q. of my arrest, nor had any notice of my arrest appeared in the press and I told her to let the lads outside know and be extra cautious.

Witness: Matt J. Kavanagh, OC East Wicklow Brigade, IRA, 1920

 

Christopher (Kit) Treacy, Lieutenant, Monasterevin, Co. Kildare

In the early hours of Good Friday, 14 April 1922, anti-Treaty members of the IRA occupied the Four Courts in Dublin. Liam Duffy, a native of Monasterevin, was part of the garrison. During the War of Independence, Duffy had been an officer in G Company, 6th Battalion, Carlow Brigade. Others in the company at the time included Captain Paddy Martin, a former Kildare inter-county footballer, Lieutenant Kit [Christopher] Treacy and Lieutenant Peter Dunne, Monasterevin.

http://www.kildare.ie/library/ehistory/2011/08/in_the_four_courts.asp

Nov 28, 1922 (FJ) Capture of Munitions of War at Monasterevan

...official statement..."The following Irregulars, two of whom were in the 'dump' were arrested: Chris Treacy, Monasterevin...

Nov 28, 1922 (IT) County Kildare Big Dump Found

..."The following Irregulars, two of whom were in the 'dump' were arrested:- Christopher Treacy, Monasterevin..."

 

Kit Tracey was prominent in Monasterevan, while James Behan, Co. C. ever threw the weight of his influence on the side of the independence struggle in that district.

Witness: Michael O'Kelly, Organiser IV; President Sinn Fein, Kildare, 1921

 

Army Pension Application of Patrick Kirwan, Double Lane, Maynooth, County Kildare...Military Service Pensions Acts 1934...signed handwritten statements regarding Patrick Kirwan's service and injuries from...Christopher Treacey...

Ref: http://mspcsearch.militaryarchives.ie/detail.aspx?parentpriref=#sthash.FeA8b0Hq.dpuf

 

 

 

 

Christopher Tracey, 21 Caragh Road, Naas, Co. Kildare.

Private 33rd Inf Batn, no.48470, died 29/9/1923

Pension file relates to Elizabeth Tracey’s unsuccessful application under the Army Pensions Acts in respect of the death of her husband Christopher Tracey who died on 29 September 1923. Material relating to family closed. Death not deemed attributable to service.

Married 16th October 1911. Died at home from liver carcinoma. Had a son under 16 years and a daughter under 18 years [blanked out] Had four children. Discharged from Portobello Barracks on the 19th September last [1923]

http://mspcsearch.militaryarchives.ie/docs%5Cfiles%5C%5CPDF_Pensions%5CR3%5C3D135ChristopherTracey%5CW3D135ChristopherTracey.pdf

 

Columbo Treacy, Kiltrustan, Co. Roscommon

Regarding the formation of the Volunteers in Kiltrustan the other members of the company were Michael O'Connor section Frank leader John Rodgers, Matt McCormack, McHugh, Michael Fallon, Patrick Rodgers, Michael Warren, Martin McHugh, John Kelly, Tom Diffley, Peter Lynch, Frank Wynne, Columbo Treacy, Joe Curry, John Caslin, Tom Kelly, Paddy Flanagan, Mick Tiernan, Tom Caulfield, paddy Beirne, Pat Brennan, Peter Carlon, Luke Cox, Dan Sweeney, paddy Sweeney, Tom McHugo, Peter Melia, pat Moore, pat McCormack and Johnny Callaghan.

Witness: Patrick Mullooly, Senior Officer IRA, Roscommon, 1921

 

Con Treacy of Toomevara, Tipperary

Sep 14, 1916 (IT) Defence of the Realm Act

Two young men named Con Treacy and William Carroll of Toomevara, have been fined £3 and £1 respectively...for using language likely to cause disaffection.

 

The first military action taken in the Toomevara area by the Irish Volunteers was the shooting of two R.I.C. constables. named Rock and Healy in the village or the night of 16th March, 1920. I did not take part in this. There were only two men concerned in it, Paddy Whelehan and Jack Hackett. They shot both policemen dead and accidentally wounded another Volunteer, Con Treacy who happened to come within the range of the shots.

Witness: William Meagher, Commandant IRA, Tipperary, 1921; Member ASU

 

Cornelius Treacy [of Lislea, Longford?]...

[drying gelignite]...we got an oats kiln belonging to Cornelius Treacy [of Lislea, Longford?]...

Witness: Sean MacKeon, OC Longford Brigade IRA, 1921; Member Dail Eireann, 1929; Cabinet Minister, 1948

 

Denis Treacy, Ballyhorgan, County Kerry

Prosecution of Denis Treacy; possession of a shotgun without a permit; 1919; Ballyhorgan, County Kerry; to be tried by District Court Martial.

 

Denis Treacy, of Dunnamaggin Kilkenny

...Denis Treacy...Dunnamaggin [Kilkenny] were Republican Police in 1919. They did duty at the important Republican Court held in Callan...

The flying column: West Kilkenny, 1916-21 By Jim Maher

 

Dunamaggan Memorial, Co. Kilkenny to Capt. Patrick Walsh died May 1921

B. Company Dunnamaggin Kells...Denis Treacy Raheen...

http://www.irishwarmemorials.ie/html/getPDF.php?memorialID=520

 

E. Tracey, Capt & 2nd Lieut, Dublin?

Apr 27, 1923 (FJ)

...orders issued recently at Army Headquarters...Chief of Staff's Department...Capt. E. Tracey to be attached to Staff, do [Artillery Corps?], with rank of 2nd Lieut...

 

Edward Treacy, O/C Prosperous, Co. Kildare

On the 11th July, 1921, six battalions formed the 7th Brigade, 1st Eastern Division...4th Battalion: Prosperous area: E. Treacy, 0/C; T. McHugh, Vice 0/C... The 4th Battalion, with E. Treacy, 0/C, and T. McHugh remained. Republican

Witness: James Dunne, Commandant IRA, Kildare, 1921

Written Answers. - Military Service Pensions. Wednesday, 10 March 1937

The following statement shows the names of persons in the Counties of Carlow and Kildare to whom Pensions have been awarded under the Military Service Pensions Act, 1934, and the Grade and the annual amount of Pension in each case:—

Carlow Kildare, Grade C [Commandant or Major], Edward Tracey, £50

Dáil Éireann - Volume 110 - 14 April, 1948 Ceisteanna—Questions. Oral Answers. - Military Service Pensions

Statement showing the names of persons resident in the County of Kildare to whom pensions have been awarded under the Military Service Pensions Act, 1934 (including pensions in respect of service in Cumann na mBan) and the Grade and annual amount of pension in each case.

D. 545 [Lieutenant or Captain], Edward Tracey, £50

 

Edward Tracey of Dublin

Sep 6, 1920 (IT) Sinn Fein Member of Parliament Arrested

...Mr. Philip Shanahan...134 Foley Street, Dublin...They took Mr. Shanahan and his brother Michael Shanahan, and Edward Tracey, an assistant in the shop, into custody. Later in the day, Michael Shanahan and Edward Tracey were released.

 

Edward/Éamonn Tracey, 1st Lieutenant, of Bruff Limerick

...May 1920...The following members of the Kilfinane unit took part in the actual attack on Kilmallock Barracks...With four others (Ned Tracey, Jim Bond, William Duane and William O'Keeffe) witness was in position behind a wall at the south (station) side of the barrack...

Witness: Denis Noonan, Lieutenant IRA, Cork, 1921

...Grange Company...1st Lt. Edward Treacy 1919 Arrested...

...Grange Company, under Martin Conway, raided Rockbarton House early in July, 1920...Edward Tracey... (See "Limerick's Fighting Story by me as "Seamus").

...August 1920...Conway was Captain of Grange Company with Edward Tracey as 1st Lieutenant.

... Edward Tracey James Maloney (Meadagh, Bruff)...

Witness: James Maloney, Captain IRA, Limerick, 1921

Jerry Treacy, Nicker, Pallasgreen [see below]...The Brigade 0/C. East Limerick, insisted that as the car was taken in his area it should be handed over to him. This course was eventually agreed to and, about ten days later, Ned Treacy of Holycross arrived with a driver at my house and I went with them and handed over the car.

Witness: Morgan Portley, Captain IRA, Limerick, 1921

 

...October 1920...Éamonn Treacy...Lough Gur...and the Grange contingent under Martin Conway and Éamonn Treacy.

O'Donnell, Ruan. introduction (2009) Limerick's Fighting Story 1916-21: Told by the Men Who Made It. Mercier Press, Cork [Originally published by The Kerryman in the 1940s]

 

Edward Treacy, Ivy House, Holycross, Tipperary

No.2 Compound

Edward Treacy, Ivy House, Holycross, Tipperary

O Duibhir, Liam (2013) Prisoners of War: Ballykinlar Interment Camp 1920-1921. Mercier Press, Cork.

 

Edward Tracey, Glenelly Valley, County Tyrone.

1922 Republican Internment and the Prison Ship Argenta

“Lives were complicated in many ways for former internees and their families. Losing his father at the age of four years, one son recalls very little of his father who had been interned. The child’s mother seldom spoke of her husband, Edward Tracey, who had been born in the United States to County Tyrone parents who had emigrated in the nineteenth century. Edward Tracey was quite young when his own father died and he was sent to live with his aunts in Glenelly Valley in County Tyrone. As a teenager, without paternal influence, he sought camaraderie in the South Derry Brigade of the IRA, just over the county border from his residence. Eventually listed and interned, he was to spend a part of his youth as a political prisoner of the Northern Government from 1922 to 1923. His conditional release expelled him from Northern Ireland and forced him to sell the family farm. As a result, he moved to County Donegal in the Free State. Nevertheless, the feelings of abandonment lingered:

Like his counterparts he was offered a commission in the new Army or a post in the police (Gardai); these he both declined because he found both organisations to be of a State which did not respect his political views and a State which sold him and his comrades out and left them to rot in prison.

Frank E. Tracey, son, 1 September 1994 and 19 November 1997 letters, Co. Donegal.

Mark Tracey, grandson, 13 December 1997 letter, Middle East.

“Tracey was offered employment as a porter at the local mental hospital where he provided security from the gate lodge. His family went to live with him there. An early death due to peritonitis may be attributed to his living conditions while interned. Two of his four sons died the following year. Destitute, Susannah (née McCullagh) Tracey face poverty without employment or pension. The intervention of Neill T. Blaney, TD in the Dáil (Parliament) of the Southern Government, allowed her to continue residing with her two remaining young sons in the gate lodge at the hospital as a gatekeeper.

Edward Tracey/Glenelly Valley/Tyr

Born in USA raised by aunts in Tyrone/S. Derry Brig IRA as teenager/after release Co. Donegal hospital gatekeeper (R) C-

Kleinrichert, Denise (2001) Republican Internment and the Prison Ship Argenta 1922. Irish Academic Press, 2001. pp. 367

 

Eugene Tracey, Fenagh, County Carlow

Dáil Éireann - Volume 85 - 04 December, 1941

Ceisteanna—Questions. Oral Answers. - Carlow Military Service Pension Claim.

Mr. Hughes Mr. Hughes

Mr. Hughes asked the Minister for Defence if he will say when Mr. Eugene Tracey, Fenagh, County Carlow, who made application for a pension under the Military Service Pensions Act may expect to hear of a decision in his case.

Mr. Aiken (for the Minister for Defence) Mr. Aiken (for the Minister for Defence)

Mr. Aiken (for the Minister for Defence): In the case of the application made under the Military Service Pensions Act, 1934, by Mr. Eugene Tracey, Fenagh, County Carlow, the finding of the referee is that on the evidence before him Mr. Tracey is not a person to whom the Act applies and he was informed accordingly. Mr. Tracey lodged an appeal for revision of the finding but the referee has not yet completed his investigations in the matter.

 

Francis [Frances] Treacy, Dublin.

War Office: Army of Ireland: Administrative and Easter Rising Records. Irish Situation, 1914 - 1922. Courts of inquiry in lieu of inquest. Death of Francis [Frances] Treacy; 22nd December, 1921; Dublin. WO 35/160/22

 

Frank Treacy, Kiltrustan, Co. Roscommon

In Strokestown proper there was a pretty lively unit - Tom Shevlin, Marty O'Connor, Sean Bermingham, Frank Treacy, Tom Mason and others.

...There in the cells we lingered on in hopes day after day and at least on one night we were assured everything was smooth sailing, when a crowd of storm troopers arrived with a fresh batch of prisoners - some new captures and sone old - including Marty O'Connor of Strokestown and Frank Treacy of Kiltrustan. They were parked in the other spare cells.

Witness: Patrick Mullooly, Senior Officer IRA, Roscommon, 1921

When night came, Captain P. Flanagan, Lieutenant J. Hunt, Torn Dolan and I met and went on foot to Strokestown and met M.R. O'Connor (present Court Clerk), Frank Treacy (since dead) and Jimmie Beirne.

Witness: Stephen Scally, Member IRA, Roscommon, 1920 [signed 2/2/1955]

 

James Treacy, of Raheen, Co. Kilkenny

IRA was supplied by Mr James Treacy, Raheen, [Co. Kilkenny]

The flying column: West Kilkenny, 1916-21 By Jim Maher

 

James Tracey, of Mount Bellew, Co. Galway

 

 

tir1

Plunkett’s Brigade

 

 

 

tir2

Tir-Chonaill Flying Column

 

Neil "Plunkett" O’Boyle’s Tir-Chonaill Flying Column which operated in North/West Wicklow from November 1922 to May 1923

 

The column consisted of Séamas Ó Cáinte, Mícheál Ó Coileáin, Criostóir de Barra, Pádraig Raghallaigh, Bearnárd Corcáin, Dan Mac aoidh, F. Plléimeann, Pádraig Ó Seanáin, Séamas Mac Murchú, Pádraig Ó Feargaill, Séamas Ó Maoilaoidh, Séan Mac Reámoinn agus Seán Treasaigh (of Mountbellew, Galway).

 

The column was arrested on the 15th May 1923 in a house near Granabeg, Ballyknockan districk. Plunkett was killed and the rest were taken prisoner.

 

May 16, 1923 (FJ)

Irregulars Surprised in the early morning...hills about Valleymount district...Plunkett leader...Granabeg, in the Ballyknocken district...taken prisoner...James Tracey, Mount Bellew, Co. Galway...

Jul 18, 1924 (FJ) ...untried political prisoners...

...released...Jas Treacy, Mount Bellew;...[Galway]

 

Sir,—The caption—’Women continued to play an active role in the War of Independence’—under the photograph on page 41 of the last issue (Autumn 1996) is misleading on two counts. In the first place, it does not depict a War of Independence flying column but a Civil War one—the Third Battalion flying column (‘Plunkett’s Own’), No.2 (South Dublin) Brigade. Secondly, it is a ‘posed’ photograph: there is no evidence that any of the women depicted were ever ‘active’ and in the course of my research I have never come across references to women operating in any flying column during the Tan or Civil War.
    The photograph was taken most probably by May Mooney, one of the Mooney sisters, in the kitchen garden (now the car park) of Mooney’s Pub, Manor Kilbride (near Blessington), County Wicklow, on or about St Patrick’s Day, 1923. Included in the photograph (from left to right) are: (front row) Betty Mooney, Annie Mooney, Niall ‘Plunkett’ O’Boyle, Paddy Farrell, Peg Mooney; (centre row) Jim Redmond, Jim Treacy, Tom Heavey, Bride Mooney; (back row) Kay Mooney, Dan Whelan, Kit Barry, Bernard Corcoran, Paddy Reilly, Seamus McMorrow, Dan McGee, unknown. The column is well armed as evidenced by the Lee Enfield .303 rifles. Betty Mooney (not fully visible in the print used in the last issue) is holding Tom Heavey’s Thompson sub-machine gun. Annie and Peg Mooney each hold a Lee Enfield and Bride Mooney a revolver. Kay Mooney, a qualified nurse, who may have rendered medical assistance to the column from time to time is unarmed. Niall ‘Plunkett’ O’Boyle is wearing the uniform tunic of Sir Bryan Mahon, whose residence the column had burned down. Jim Redmond, Jim Treacy and Tom Heavey are holding what appears to be the tailgate of a small farmcart upon which is written in chalk: ‘No 3 Column Dublin 2’.
    This West Wicklow-based IRA flying column, which operated from about October 1922 until its capture in May 1923, was a mixture of Northerners, Dubliners, West of Ireland men and locals, among them escapees from the Curragh and Newbridge internment camps. It operated under the jurisdiction of Third Battalion, No.2 (South Dublin) Brigade, under the command of Gerry Boland, later a Fianna Fáil Minister for Justice and known at the time as ‘Trotsky’, on account of his exposition of left-wing views. The column commander, Niall O’Boyle, had escaped with a number of others from Newbridge camp and had been sent to West Wicklow where, under the name ‘Sean Plunkett’, he gathered the local Volunteers under his command attacking Free State Army positions and burning local ‘big houses’, among them Mullaghboden House, residence of Sir Bryan Mahon, and Mauds of Tinode.
    The flying column was eventually surrounded at Nortons’ farmhouse in the early morning of 15 May 1923 by a Free State Army raiding party under the command of Colonel Felix McCorley and after a brief exchange of fire a parlay was arranged. According to eye witnesses, O’Boyle approached McCorley with his arms raised in surrender. McCorley asked, ‘Who are you’, and on being told, ‘I’m Sean Plunkett’, McCorley shot him through the left eye and again in the side of the head as he lay dying. A monument to ‘Plunkett’ O’Boyle can be seen at Norton’s (now Nolans) of Knocknadroose at the Reilly family grave in nearby Hollywood. He is buried in his native Kincasslagh, County Donegal. Following his death the photograph, in postcard form, circulated freely in the area. I obtained a copy from another column member (not in the photograph), the late Myles Reilly of Hollywood whom I interviewed on a number of occasions before his death, along with Seamus Mooney of Manor Kilbride. Other information is taken from Padraig Ó Baoighill’s Oglach na Rossan, Niall Pluincead Ó Baoighill (1994) and Uinseann McEoin’s Survivers (1987).—Yours etc.,
SHAY COURTNEY
Kilmashogue,
County Dublin.

 

Jerry Treacy, Company Captain of Pallas, Co. Limerick

In the latter end of May [1920] with Dan Grace, Battalion Adjutant, Danny Ryan, known as Danny Simon, Brigade Engineer at a. later date, Nicholas O'Dwyer, Brigade 0/C of Engineers, Jerry Treacy, Company Captain of Pallas, Jim Carthy and Mick Carthy of Doon, Jim Gorman and Paddy Costello of Holyford and others, I took part in an attack on Kimallock R.I.C. Barracks which had been planned by the Brigade Staff and Battalion Staff of the area.

Witness: William McCarthy, Officer IRA, Limerick, 1921

About this time I also received a request from Jerry Treacy, Nicker of the East Limerick Brigade to come to Nicker, Pallasgreen, to deal with the wife of a man named O'Connell who was suspected of giving information to the R.I.C.

About this time also we received information from. Jerry Treacy, Nicker, Pallasgreen, to the effect that District Inspector McGettrick Of Pallasgreen R.I.C. usually went to 10 a.m. Mass at Nicker on Sundays and left his Ford motor car outside the church...Ned Treacy of Hollycross [see above]

Witness: Morgan Portley, Captain IRA, Limerick, 1921

 

John Tracy, Nationalist solicitor, Derry and Donegal [see John Tracy]

 

John Treacy, Abbey, Co. Galway

Jan 24, 1921 (FJ) Terrorism in the Tuam District

...John Treacy, Abbey, was arrested. He surrendered a shot-gun...

Jan 24, 1921 (IT) Shootings in County Galway

...three men...were shot dead while attempting to evade arrest...John Tracy, Abbey was arrested. He surrendered a shot gun he had in his house...

 

John Rupert Treacy, [Professor] of Youghal, County Cork, Limerick, Dublin and Sligo.

A Sinn Féin supporter was John R. Treacy, a native of Youghal, County Cork, who taught in Limerick and Dublin before coming to Sligo in 1904. In Dublin, he was closely associated with William Rooney, the poet, and Arthur Griffith in the early days of the Sinn Fein movement, helping to edit the "United Irishman". He taught in Summerhill College and in the Technical School for 25 years. He had been involved with Griffith and William Rooney in Sinn Féin while in Dublin and was one of the “Apostles of Sinn Féin” in Sligo. In July 1918, he was under surveillance and in August 1918, he was arrested for reading the Sinn Féin manifesto and placed in Sligo prison. A week later he was moved to Galway. On September 24th at a court martial in Renmore Barracks Galway, Tracey was found guilty and sentenced to two years imprisonment. He was released at the beginning of October on medical advice. When he arrived at Sligo Station he was met by a large crowd of Sinn Féiners and escorted to his home. In December 1920, he was again arrested and at the end of January he was moved to Derry. In January 1921, he was moved from Derry jail to Ballykinlar Camp, Co. Down.  In the camp he gave classes in Shorthand and Book-keeping Classes.  In October 1921, after 3 weeks on parole after long internment he was released.  During these times, his wife suffered greatly from the disturbances caused by the attentions of the authorities. He died in November 1929. Sympathy was extended to his widow and family, as well as his sister-in-law, Mrs Tracey, Catherine Street, of Youghal, and his nephew, nieces and cousins in that town.

 

Ref:

Michael Wheatley (2005) Nationalism and the Irish Party: Provincial Ireland, 1910-1916

Sligo 1914-1921: A Chronicle of Conflict. By Michael Farry.

W.C. Johnstone, Vicer Regal Lodge, Dublin - Secret Memorandum GT 5570

 

I was a member of the Gaelic League very young. I used to collect at Church gates, and walked in processions. When I was at business in Sligo I was in correspondence with Griffith about my brother's cartoons and he wrote to me very kindly about them. I and Professor Tracey were the only people who bought his paper in Sligo. Arthur Griffith told me to get in touch with the Professor. Later on I sent a few poems to him and he published them in his paper...

Witness: Maeve Cavanagh McDowell, Member Irish Citizen Army; Courier to Waterford, 1916

 

3 March 1923 Cork Examiner

... and John Tracey were arrested Ballinacurra, and Ned Creed at Ballingrane. All three, it is said, were active irregulars

 

J. [John] Treacey, Roscrea, Tipperary

15 July 1922 (NG) War - Items and Incidents

Messrs. J. Treacey, Roscrea; J. Day Templemore, with a ford car, were arrested at Toomevara on Sunday week by Dail troops.

 

Eamon de Valera, 92, Dies

...One of them, Sean Tracey, from Tipperary, who is an 87? year old veteran of the fight for independence, said, "We are thin on the ground now, but we are still able to pay our respects to The Chief."

The New York Times Biographical Service, Volume 6, 1975

 

Joseph Tracey, Mullingar, Westmeath

Feb 17, 1917 (WE) Mullingar

UIL branch...Joseph Tracey...

Aug 11, 1917 (IT) Volunteers on the March

Three hundred Irish Volunteers were present...when a Sinn Fein Club was formed at Ballinahown, and 150 more marched from Tober to join...Mr. J. Treacy, Secretary...[Westmeath?]

 

Mrs. Tracey, Ballingore, Westmeath

Jan 14, 1920 (FJ) Raids for arms

Two houses, the property of Mrs. Tracey, Ballingore, some eight miles from Mullingar, were raided on Sunday night and a gun taken from each...[Westmeath]

 

Joe Treacy, Ballymacaquim, Co. Kerry

Abbeydorney Company of the Volunteers

April 23rd, 1920 Following the arrest of  John Dowd and Patrick Walsh, the following local volunteers  were arrested namely, Thomas Stundon, Parknageragh, Joe Treacy, Ballymacaquim, John Leen, do, Cornelius Lyons, Laccabeg. They were questioned about the taking of the mailbag but all had to be later released as no evidence could be found against them. Patrick Walsh was the last released.

http://homepage.tinet.ie/~abbeydorney/book/book.html

 

Joseph Tracy, of Bunavie, county Limerick

Jul 2, 1920 (FJ) English Justice

In Ireland. The following official report has been issued by the Military Headquarters, Park Gate:-

Joseph Tracey, civilian, of Bunavie, Co. Limerick, was tried by court-martial at Cork, on 23rd June, on charges of having a revolver and ammunition without a permit. He was found guilty and sentenced to eighteen months imprisonment with hard labour.

 

Carrying Arms, Londonderry. HC Deb 15 July 1920 vol 131 cc2566-8

§ 11. Lieut.-Commander KENWORTHY asked the Chief Secretary of Ireland whether William Kane, Samuel King, Thomas Bramble, Samuel Fleming, and John Lappin, all Ulster Volunteers of Londonderry, were tried recently by special Crimes Court in Londonderry before Major Brett, resident magistrate, and Mr. R. Sparrow, resident magistrate, on a charge of carrying rifles and ammunition; whether they were found guilty and sentenced to a fine of £5 each; whether Joseph Trany [Joseph Tracy], of Bunavie, county Limerick, was tried by district court-martial at Cork on 23rd June, 1919, on a charge of having a revolver and ammunition; and whether he was found guilty and sentenced to 18 months' imprisonment with hard labour?

§ Sir H. GREENWOOD The prisoners referred to in the first part of the question pleaded guilty and were fined as stated, but I would point out that the hon. and gallant Member, while mentioning all the cases of Ulster Volunteers charged with carrying arms during the Derry riots, and implying that they were given preferential treatment, has omitted to mention that several persons of the opposite faction were arrested in exactly the same circumstances, were brought before the same Court, charged with the same offence, and received the same sentence. The circumstances in the case of James Tracy—not Joseph Trany, as mentioned in the question—were quite different.

§ Lieut. - Commander KENWORTHY Was not James Tracy punished in this way long before there were political murders or assassinations of police in Ireland, and does the right hon. Gentleman not think a better example should be made of men of all faiths and factions carrying rifles, in Londonderry?

§ Mr. C. PALMER Does the right hon. Gentleman not think it is quite natural that Ulster men should arm themselves against the dastardly assassinations of the Sinn Feiners?

§ Sir H. GREENWOOD With reference to the supplementary question put by the hon. and gallant Gentleman, I cannot, without notice, say when James Tracy was sentenced, but I am convinced that the sentence of 18 months' hard labour for what was in effect threatening the life of an officer was not too severe.

§ Lieut. - Commander KENWORTHY May I ask why these men of different faith in Londonderry are only fined for carrying rifles and ammunition, especially in view of the heavy loss of life in Londonderry, and whether the right hon. Gentleman is going to take possession of the rifles scattered all over that unhappy city?

§ Sir H. GREENWOOD The charge was that of carrying rifles and ammunition, and the sentence was given by a Resident Magistrate, and I cannot interfere with the sentence of any judicial officer in Ireland.

§ Lieut. - Commander KENWORTHY Is the right hon. Gentleman now going to take possession of these rifles scattered all over Londonderry?

§ Mr. SPEAKER The hon. and gallant Member must give notice of that.

 

Jul 16, 1920 (IT) Irish Questions

In the House of Commons...The circumstances in the case of James Tracy of Bunavie, Co. Limerick, who was tried 

Jul 17, 1920 (FJ) Derry and Limerick

...House of Commons...The circumstances in the case of James Tracy, of Bunaire, Co. Limerick, who was tried by a District Courtmartial at Cork on the 23rd June 1919, on a charge of having a revolver and ammunition in his posession and who was sentenced to 18 months imprisonment with hard labor...sentence too severe...

Jul 17, 1920 (FJ) Hunger Strike in Cork Jail

...demand for political treatment...J. Treacy...Limerick.

Dec 13, 1920 (FJ) In English Jails - Irish Prisoners and Where they are detained

...Lincoln...Joseph Tracey...Liverpool...Joseph Tracey...

 

1920 Joseph Tracey possession of firearm and ammunition.

Reference: CO 904/216/4. Dublin Castle Records, File 428, 23 folios.

 

Michael Tracey, Athenry, Co. Galway

Jun 10, 1916 (IT) Prisoners Deported

...100 prisoners had been removed from Richmond Barracks, Dublin and lodged in Wakefield Detention Barracks...M. Tracey, Athenry [Galway] [interned in Frongoch Camp, Wales 1916]

 

 

Pension Application - File Reference 24SP3255
Michael Treacy (1883-4 October 1967), Blackpark, Athenry, County Galway

Other addresses: St. Brendan's Home, Loughrea, Co. Galway.
Associated files in MSPA 24A1288; Related files 35156 (subject's National Army service number);
Civilian occupation: Farm Labourer;

Easter rising service: Yes. Easter rising location/place: Agricultural Station, Athenry, County Galway; Moyode, County Galway; Limepark, County Galway
Volunteer, Irish Volunteers, Athenry Company, Galway Brigade. Commanding Officer(s) Frank Hynes
Private, Irish Republican Army, Athenry Company, National Army Service Number 35156. Commanding Officer(s) Stephen Jordan; Christopher Barrett
Private, Óglaigh na hÉireann/National Forces, 30 Battalion, 1 Western Division, A Company, National Army Service Number 35156
Awarded pension under Military Service Pensions Acts 1924, Grade A Notes Awarded 9 and 131/274 years service for pension purposes
Scanned/digital copyW24SP3255MICHAELTREACY.pdf
Scanned/digital copyW24A1288MICHAELTREACY.pdf

File dates 4 December 1925 - 15 January 1971
Subject Information: File relates to Michael Treacey's receipt of a military service pension in respect of his service with the Irish Volunteers during the week of 23 to 29 April 1916, his subsequent internment until December of that year, his service with the IRA during the War of Independence in 1920 and 1921 - claims to have participated in raid for supplies at Athenry Railway Station in 1920 and blocked roads during attacks on RIC barracks at Moyvilla and Bookeen - and with the National Army during the Civil War in 1922 and 1923 in counties Galway and Cork. Michael Treacey left the Defence Forces in March 1924 having served at the rank of Private. File contains: signed statements regarding claimant from Francis Curran and Sean Broderick T.D.; handwritten notes of evidence given by subject before the Board of Assessors, Military Service Pensions Act, 1924; and material relating to administration of claimant's pension.

Ref: http://mspcsearch.militaryarchives.ie/detail.aspx?parentpriref=#sthash.Hgls9LPJ.dpuf

 

 

 

Michael Tracy, of Feaugh, Co. Cavan

6 November 1920 (AC) Raids and Arrests in Killeshandra

...The following young men were arrested and brought to the barracks and searched:-...Michael Tracy, Patrick Donohoe, Flaugh;...[Feaugh]

 

 

Michael and Seán Tracey, of Ballinalee, Co. Longford

n-longford-flying-column-010521.jpg

Michael Tracey, North Longford Flying Column

 

The North Longford Flying Column on Crott Mountain, 1 May 1921, following an ambush at Reilly’s house at Fyhora, in which two B&Ts were killed.

 

Rear L-R: Frank Davis, John (Bun) McDowell, Seamus McKeon (bro. of Gen Sean McKeon), Michael Tracey, Paddy Lynch, Tom Reilly, James (Nap) Farrelly, Frank Gormley, Hugh Hourican.

 

Front L-R: Kiernan (not a member of the column but ‘on the run’ & staying at Reilly’s house), Pat Cooke, Paddy (Bug) Callaghan, Tom Brady, Tom Reddington (Brigade O/C)

 

This photograph comes from Margaret McGuinness’ photostream on Flicker.

http://www.flickr.com/photos/margaretmcguinness/2395380431/

 

 

Irish republican, John Joseph McKeon was born at Bunlahy, Granard, Co. Longford on 30th September 1893, eldest child of Andrew MacEoin or McKeon, a blacksmith, and Catherine, née Treacy, of Ballinglough, Co. Longford.

Oxford Dictionary of National Biography 2004

http://www.ucd.ie/archives/html/collections/maceoin-sean.htm

 

A Company was now formed in Ballinalee; - organisation was on a parish basis. After this section parades took place, and someone capable of giving instruction went round to the different section parades. There were no activities by the Volunteers during the McGuinness election. Either Seán MacEoin or Seán Connolly was 0/C of the Ballinalee Company. There was also the nucleus of a Battalion organisation existing. There were no arms at this period. Amongst the members were; Seán Sexton, Pat Farrell, Peter McGrath, Peter Collins, Ned Tynan, Seán and Michael Tracey, Joe Keenan, Michael MacEoin and later Jimmie MacEoin and several others.

[1917] Seán Connolly was Battalion O/C, Hugh Hourican was 0/C Ballinalee Company, I was the second in command, Michael Tracey 1st Lieutenant and I think Ned Tynan 2nd Lieutenant. M.F. Reynolds was 0/C Killoe Company, J.J. Brady - Ballinamuck, Peter Monaghan - Granard and Pat Langan - Edgeworthstown, with J.J. Killeen in charge of the Streete and Rathowen sections.

On the 1st November 1920 the Active Service or Flying Column was officially formed, and was commanded by Seán MacEojn. I think I was second iii command. The column consisted of Seán and Michael MacEoin, Seán Sexton, Frank Davis, The "Bun" McDowell, Michael Kenny, Hugh Hourican, Michael Mulligan, Larry Geraghty, Pat Cooke, Tom Brady, Michael Tracey, James Farrelly, John Moore, Paddy Lynch, Seán Lynch, M.F. Reynolds, Seán Duffy, J.J. Brady, Paddy Callaghan, Ned Tynan, Tom Early, Frank Gormley and Michael Gormley, Jack Hughes, Pat Finnegan, Barney Kilbride, James Sheeran, Frank Reilly, Frank Martin and some others.

Witness: Seamus Conway, Commandant Flying Column, IRA, Longford, 1921

[1920] Seán Tracey, 1st Lieutenant of Ballinalee Company and I were raiding for arms in the Ballinalee District.

Witness: Francis Davis, Captain IV and IRA, Longford, 1921

"My dear friend: This may be the last opportunity I will get of writing to you. I want you to say good-bye to all my boys - Mick Heslin, Tom Reddington, Ned Cooney, M.F. Reynolds of Killoe, M. Mulligan, Paddy O'Callaghan, Sean Tracey, P.J. Finnigan, Jim Conway - I may quit; I cannot name them all ..."

Witness: Sean MacKeon, OC Longford Brigade IRA, 1921

Kenny went for a walk at two o'clock, he now being unable to work, and I would go with him and back to his house, where he would tell me of the Fenians, Ribbon-men, Molly McGuires, and all the things that happened in the parish of Clonbroney in these times, of their fights and activities to get Ireland free. He described the Battle of Granard to me, and told me of Farrell and Deniston, local leaders, and of Farrell's jump on his black mare at the white gates near Granard, Stirring up my young blood to boiling point that there could be such bad people in the world as the British.

Then I would repeat some of Tommy's story to Joe Dowling, and he would give me another version of the story, so I would have to come home to get the matter decided, and would tell my mother or father. They would smile, and a story would be told to me of some part either a Treacy or a MacEoin had taken in some of these struggles. One story in particular comes back vividly to me as I write, told me by my mother - that when the French landed at Killala and came on to Ballinamuck, some of the Treacy boys went to meet them and every day they were expected to pass victoriously through Bunlahy. A brother waiting at home so expecting every day, saw a body of horsemen riding into the village and ran out with his pike to meet them and welcome them, but, alas, they were English, and he was put to death at the big tree of Bunlahy. I have never questioned the accuracy of this story, and I don't know what truth there was in it, but it left me thinking that Tommy Kenny was the hero, and he continued to tell me what I now know to be fantastic stories of all the struggles in which he took part against the British.

In 1917, a Circle of the I.R.B. was formed in Clonbroney, and consisted of Seán Connolly, Seán Duffy, Joe Keenan, Ned Tynan, Jimmy Tynan, Joe Tynan, John Treacy, Sonny Greer, James J.  Killeen, and myself. The first official inspection of that Girdle was by Tomás Ashe.

[drying gelignite]...we got an oats kiln belonging to Cornelius Treacy [of Lislea, Longford?]...

Witness: Sean MacKeon, OC Longford Brigade IRA, 1921; Member Dail Eireann, 1929; Cabinet Minister, 1948

 

Mick Treacy of Dublin GAA?

Mick Treacy [Dublin GAA?] to Harry Bolland, 14 Oct. 1916 (paragraph in family letter). Treacy claimed to be 'in great form at "Drumcollogher" ' [Limerick].

Fitzpatrick, David (2004) Harry Boland's Irish Revolution. Cork University Press.

 

Michael Treacy of Dublin

Feb 9, 1923 (FJ) Raiders found Quilty

...Michael Treacy...The White House, The Ward, Co. Dublin...that they were Republicans...

Feb 9, 1923, Feb 13, 1923 & Feb 17, 1923 (IT) Armed Robbers. Dublin Men get "Cat" and Seven Years.

Michael Treacy...of Joseph Crawley, the Ward, Co. Dublin...They had received one from the M.G.W.R. with reference to Treacy...The prisoner Treacy said that he was employed on the M.G.W.R. until two o'clock on the day of his arrest...being only 21 [years old]...

 

Cannon [Patrick] Tracey of Crookstown, Co. Cork

 “However it is believed that Collins was expected at the house of Cannon [Patrick] Tracey of Crookstown during his last visit (to Cork). The reason for the visit, it is said, was to make contact with intermediaries (for peace)…A stop at Crookstown would explain the seemingly inexplicably circuitous Bael na mBlath route back from Cork from Bandon which Collins took.” Reference: Garda Hickey articles Limerick Weekly Echo 26/8/1972 to 16/9/1972.

“The area is so small that Cannon Tracey, who was also parish priest of the Bael na mBlath district, subsequently wrote: ‘It was my misfortune to be listening to the dreadful firing when Michael Collins was done to death.’” (22nd August 1922)

Coogan, Tim Pat (1990) Michael Collins a biography. Random Century, London. p.405-6, 412

 

Paddy Tracey, of Kanturk, Co. Cork?

The Boherbue Company of the Irish Volunteers was started at a meeting held in Boherbue on 15th August, 1915. I had attended a meeting in Kanturk and I had invited Denis Lyons, John O'Connell, Jim Leonard and Paddy Tracey to come to a meeting in Boherbue.

Witness: Christopher O'Sullivan, Lieutenant IV, Cork, 1916

 

Patrick Tracy of Dublin

“A network was set up so that Broy could pass messages to Collins undetected and vice versa. At Kingsbridge Station there was Pat Treacy, a relation of Broy’s.” In 1918, Broy became Michael Collins main inside man within the British Intelligence.

Coogan, Tim Pat (1990) Michael Collins a biography. Random Century, London. p.79

10 August 1926 Cork Examiner

Michael Collins... his, Pat Treacy, who was employed at Kingsbridge. Treacy used to bring Broy's messages to the rianra bans' Sep. Shortly after this, ...

 

...Then I thought of a Sinn Féiner who was married to a first cousin of mine. His name was Patrick Tracy and he was employed as a clerk at Kingsbridge railway terminus. I had a talk with Tracy, and he agreed to transfer any information I wanted transferred. He also agreed that O'Hanrahan's shop was ideal for the purpose.

The first items I reported, through Tracy, to O'Hanrahan's ware the projected arrests of Larry Ginnell and Joe WcDonagh. I told Tracy to tell O'Hanrahan that no

information was to come back to me. From that on, every secret and confidential document, police code, etc. That came to my hands was sent, through Tracy and O'Hanrahan, to the Volunteer headquarters. I knew nothing at all at this time about Michael Collins.

...I gave Tracy a copy of the complete list on the Wednesday forty-eight hours before the arrests took place. I met him in a public house in Benburb St. I got Tracy to copy the particulars in his handwriting, destroyed mine there and then, and instructed Tracy that, in the usual manner, he should get O'Hanrahan to copy them and destroy his own handwriting.

...The following morning was a Saturday and in the ordinary way, Tracy would go off duty at 1 p.m. I went to his house in the afternoon and found that, as had frequently happened in the past, he had taken advantage of his free railway travelling facilities to go to his people-in-law's place in Monasterevan.

... At Tracy's house, Millmount Avenue, Drumcondra...

WS Ref #: 1280 , Witness: Eamon Broy, IRA Intelligence Agent in British Police, Dublin Castle. pp70-74

 

Patrick Treacy, Captain, Kiltullagh, Glenamaddy, Co. Galway

Patrick Treacy, Kiltullagh, Glenamaddy, Co. Galway... I was born on the 29th October, 1899, at Kiltullagh, Glenamaddy, and educated at Kilkerrin Monastery, which was then, and is now, conducted by the Franciscan Brothers... Patrick Treacy, Capt., Glenamaddy Coy., Glenamaddy Battn. afterwards Adjt., Glenamaddy Battn.

 

 

Bureau of Military History (1913-1921) - Witness Statements

Patrick Treacy

Address: Kiltullagh, Glenamaddy, Co. Galway

W/S No: 1425

Position: Company Captain. Battalion Adjutant.

Witness Statement

 

 

 

 

 

Patrick Treacy

1st armed man left hand side outside Glentworth hotel [Limerick] possibly Mar 1922 [Photograph]

http://www.flickr.com/photos/81374096@N05/7720108860/in/photostream

 

Patrick Treacy

Prosecution of Patrick Treacy; IRA Officer; 10th May, 1921; Ballinturly, county Roscommon; recommended for internment. WO 35/131/47

 

Patrick S. Treacy, formerly of 3rd Batt, Nth Wexford Brigade I.R.A

Oct 31, 1954 (SI) & Nov 1, 1954 (II) Deaths

Treacy (Coolgreaney) October 30 1954 at his residence Coolgreaney, Inch, Co. Wexford, Patrick S. Treacy, formerly of 3rd Batt, Nth Wexford Brigade I.R.A.; deeply regretted by his sorrowing wife relatives and friends. RIP. Remains leaving house this (Sunday) evening to-morrow (Monday) at 3 o'c to Ballyfad Cemetery.

 

Richard Treacy of Bishopswood, Co. Tipperary

 

June 23 1919 The New York Call

...Long list of political prisoners thrown into cells because they dared to oppose suppression of free speech is made public by friends here...September 14...Richard Treacy, Tipperary...Courtmarshalled. Two years hard labour for reading above mentioned manifesto [issued by the Republican party declaring the right of the people of Ireland to free speech]

 

Now, at that class in Knockavilla, as time went on I got acquainted with several of the young men and women who played a great part in the struggle for freedom. There I got acquainted and became an intimate friend with Richard Treacy of Bishopswood, who became the Chairman of the Sinn Fein Club in the years that followed and was one of those who, in later years, defied the British Government by reading publicly the Proclamation of Dáil Eireann, and was imprisoned for a long time in Belfast Jail under very trying conditions, He was one of those who smashed through the roof of that jail when the fighting took place there and hoisted an improvised tricolour flag above the Belfast Jail at Crumlin Road.

Another man I met at this class was Michael Sheehan who, like Richard Treacy, has gone to his eternal rest. He was a workman. Treacy was a farmer, but Michael Sheehan and his brother, Sean, were working with one of the local land holders and in the years that followed, they took a very active part in the struggle.

...Before 1908 we had formed a Sinn Fein Club with Richard Treacy as President and Sean O'Dwyer as Secretary, and I think I filled the role of a sort of general orgariiser and was regarded, I must admit, as being the leader in anything that was being done

Witness: Eamon O'Dwyer, Member IRB, 1904 - 1921; Officer IV and IRA, Tipperary, 1913 – 1921 [signed 1956]

At 9.30 on the morning after, i.e. 16th August, 1918, I was surprised by a visit of six R.I.C. men who arrested me while at breakfast. I was sent to Clonmel Jail, where I spent a month, and afterwards to Belfast Jail. Tried at Victoria Barracks, Cork, with my companions John Hassett of Barnane, Co. Tipperary, Seumas Mulcahy Lyons, Richard Treacy and others, we received a sentence of two years each for our faith in Ireland's cause and our uncompromising loyalty to her ancient claim to liberty.

Witness: Francis Phillips, Vice-President, Sinn Fein Club, Cashel, 1921

 

TRACY, Richard. In the spring of 1918, Richard Tracy was apprehended for delivering the Sinn Féin proclamation from Brownes' Steps, following Mass in Knockavilla. He supported Sinn Féin from the onset and, in 1912, had a visit to his house from Seán MacDiarmada, National Organiser. Richard was married and had young children when he was sent to prison in Belfast. One of his fellow inmates was Francis Philips of Cashel. Richard was avidly involved in Conradh na Gaelige.

A Biographical Dictionary of Tipperary by Martin O'Dwyer

 

Robert (Bob) Treacy of Castlebar, Co. Mayo

Nov 21, 1914 (CT) The Irish Volunteers

Volunteer Tournament at Balla...Balla company under Command of Sergeant Tracey...

Apr 5, 1941 (CT) Obituary - Death of Mr. Robert J Treacy, Newtown Castlebar

...Mr. Robert Treacy (76)...served as a Regimental Sergeant Major in the Great War...Company Commander of the Irish volunteers 1913...training the Volunteers of Balla, Claremoris and Barneycarroll...The chief mourners were: Mrs. Treacy (widow), Michael, Joseph, Paddy and Sergt Robert Treacy, G.S. (sons); Hugh and Partick Hanlon (brothers-in-law)...Langan Staff Castlebar...

A company of the Irish National Volunteers was formed in Castlebar in 1913 which I joined; it was then run by a committee...In connection with the drilling of the Volunteers, we had four instructors all ex-N.C.O.s. of the Connaught Rangers but as they were all reservists they had to report to their unit when called up before the outbreak of the first world war in 1914. Two of them were outstanding as instructors their names were Tracy and Murtagh.

Witness: Michael McHugh, Commandant IRA, Mayo, 1921

My own local company - Balla - was exceptionally lucky in having an experienced sergeant of the Connaught Rangers as our instructor. His name was Tracey and he undoubtedly knew his job. He was a man of splendid physique and a decent type with a good national outlook. This man' a instruction to the Balla Company gave us a better groundwork than we otherwise would have had.

Witness: Richard Walsh, Member, IRB, 1908-21; Representative on IV Executive, 1917-21; Senior Officer, IRA Mayo, 1919-21

The Great War of 1914 came. I was then in my  fifteenth year. Local men began drilling. I did nod understand what it was all about but I joined the ranks and learned the military exercises. Our instructor was big Bob Treacy, ex-Sergeant Major of the Connaught Rangers. Later I knew I was a member of the Irish National Volunteers. After six months of this training it petered out and the younger men drifted away. Some, on the advice of the English so-called gentry who occupied the "big houses", joined the British Army.

Witness: William T O'Keeffe, Staff Officer IRA, Mayo, 1920; ASU Manchester, 1920 -1921

 

Rody Treacy of Nenagh Co. Tipperary and Dublin

Rody Treacy, (b. 1891?) from Rapla [Ardcrony?, near Nenagh Co. Tipperary 1901 Census] [21 Britain St. Great, North City, Dublin 1911 Census], played GAA and handball for Faughs. He was arrested and tried in November 1920 At a District Court martial at Marlboro' Barracks, on possession at No.1 Millmount terrace, Drumcondra of a single round of revolver ammunition and with possession of a document containing statements the publication of which would be likely to cause disaffection, viz., "An Taglae" dated October 14th 1918. He declined to recognise the Court. His employer, had at one time occupied the room, testified that the ammunition may have been connected to a revolver he had surrender in 1916. In December 1920, he is reported as being an Irish prisoner in Carmarthen jail. In November 1921 he was back playing for the Faughs.

 

Prosecution of Rody Tracy; possession of ammunition; possession of seditious document; 19th October, 1920; Drumcondra, County Dublin; 6 months imprisonment without hard labour; conviction on second charge quashed and 3 months of sentence remitted. WO 35/131/10

 

Samuel Tracey of Louth Town

Mar 9, 1918 (IT) Hunger Strikes

...Inquiries made on Tuesday in Dundalk elicited the information that the three Sinn Fein prisoners there - Professor O'Neill, Michael Brennan and Samuel Tracey [of Louth Town] - are still on hunger-strike. They are all in hospital.

 

Seamus [James] O’Treacy, of Dublin

Sean [John] Tracey, of Dublin

 

1916 Rising Dublin

Seamus O’Treacy, Boland's Mill's

Sean Tracey, South Dublin Union

1916 Rebellion handbook

Jas Treacy, 10 Tramway terrace, Sandymount – Tram Conducter [Seamus]

John Tracy, 7 Rathmines Terr - Grocer's assistant [Sean] [interned in Frongoch Camp, Wales 1916]

T. Tracey, Dean Street, Kilkenny

211 Persons detained at Richmond Barracks

J. Tracey

Michael Treacy

 

P.H. Pearse Colour Party.

Special Section old A/Coy 4th Battalion, Dublin Brigade

Brigade winners of trophy at Saint Endas

Rathfarnham, 5-September-1915

(Photo taken at Kimmage drill hall on the 12th of September 1915)

This party was also the colour party at Rossa’s Funeral.

Back Row L-R: Séan Tracy, Paudge O’Broin, Gabriel Murray, Brian McCormack, Séan O’Broin and Henry Murray.

Front Row L-R: Gerald Murray, Fred Schweppe, Pat Mason, Ed McNamara, Loui McDermott and Denis Dunne.

 

 

 

I picked up a slip of paper which seemed to have been torn out of a notebook. The names of those who were on guard were written on it. [Lieut Tracey...J Tracey]

Witness: Annie Mannion, Matron, South Dublin Union, 1916

1916.jpg

 

 

...Fourth Battalion, Dublin Brigade...Names of the Irish Volunteer Officers who were Captains of the Companies indicated during some time in the period September, 1916 to July, 1921. "A" Company... Sean Tracey...

Witness: Henry S Murray, Officer IV and IRA, Dublin, 1914 - 1921

In the Autumn of 1912 when I was working in Magee's Grocery Store, Rathm1nes, with Sean Treacy, who afterwards became my brother-in-law, he asked me to join the I.R.B. I agreed and he brought me along to 41 Parnell Square, where I was initiated into the Fintan Lalor Circle by Sean McDermott, who was Centre at the time; Seamus O'Connor was secretary. Padraig Pearse was a member of the Circle.

...My brother-in-law, John Kiely, was killed when getting through the window [of the GPO] by a shot which was alleged to have been fired by a British officer from a window in the Metropole Hotel.

Witness: Charles Donnelly, Member IRB and IV, Rathfarnham, 1913 – 1916

 

May 30, 1922 (FJ)

...and Police Officer Sean Tracey represented the IRP [Irish Republican Police], Oriel House.

Jan 1, 1923 (FJ) Old IRA Members' Association

...Provisional Executive...Capt Sean Tracy, Q.M....Membership will be limited to men who were members of the IRA prior to the Anglo-Irish truce and who are not at present in any way engaged on either side of the struggle.

Jan 6, 1923 (SS)

A largely attended meeting of the old IRA Members' Association was held in Dublin today...Membership will be limited to men who were members of the IRA prior to the Anglo-Irish truce, and who are not at present engaged on either side of the struggle...The following provisional executive was formed to-day...Captain Shaun Tracey...

 

 

Irish volunteers 1915

 

 

 

Pension Application - File Reference: MSP34REF57462

John Tracey, 164 Shelbourne Road, Ballsbridge, Dublin

Associated files in MSPA: 34E4916

Easter rising service: Yes. Easter rising location/place: South Dublin Union, James's Street, Dublin

Section Leader, Irish Volunteers, 4 Battalion, A Company, Dublin Brigade. Commanding Officer(s): Eamon Kent; Seamus Murphy;

First Lieutenant, Irish Republican Army, 4 Battalion, A Company, Dublin Brigade. Commanding Officer(s): Louis McDermott; A. Walsh;

Award Pension   under Military Service Pensions Acts 1934, Grade E. Awarded 4 and 375/716 years service for pension purposes in 1940

Scanned/digital copy  WMSP34REF57462JOHNTRACEY.pdf
Scanned/digital copy
  W34E4916JOHNTRACEY.pdf

File dates            18 January 1935 - 21 February 1983

Subject Information: File relates to John Tracey's receipt of a military service pension in respect of his service with the Irish Volunteers for part of the periods between 1 April 1916 and 31 March 1917 and with the IRA for part of the periods between 1 April 1920 and 11 July 1921. Applicant also claimed unsuccessfully for service in all other periods between 1 April 1916 and 30 June 1922. Following the 1916 Easter Rising John Tracey was interned until [September] of that year. During the War of Independence John Tracey served as a Company Lieutenant with the IRA and claims to have had charge of a number of arms dumps. He further claims that in March 1922, during the Truce Period, he joined the Criminal Investigation Department (CID) at Oriel House, resigned following the outbreak of the Civil War in June 1922 and took no further part in activities on either side of the conflict. File includes: standard form Referee R.15 showing details of subject's rank and unit strength as of 11 July 1921 from records supplied by the relevant Battalion Committee; typed transcript (5 pages) of sworn statement made by John Tracey on 27 May 1940 before the Advisory Committee, Military Service Pensions Act, 1934; and copy typed letter of 2 December 1940 from the Department of Defence to John Tracey forwarding acknowledgement form for receipt of Service Certificate to him and requesting its completion and return before payment of pension can be made - there is no further documentation on file after this date.

 

Ref: http://mspcsearch.militaryarchives.ie/detail.aspx?parentpriref=#sthash.acS9Nf7p.dpuf

 

 

           

 

Sean Treacy, of Soloheadbeg, Co. Tipperary

 

Songs about Sean Treacy

 

sean%20treacy2

 

 

 

 

 

 

This autograph book was kept by a Republican in Mountjoy Gaol in 1917 and it contains the names of Republicans from Clare and elsewhere: here we see the name of Sean Treacy, Soloheadbeg, Co Tipperary, dated 21/10/17.

Clare Library http://www.clarelibrary.ie

 

 

 

Sean Treacy, (1895-1920) He was born 14 Feb 1895 in Soloheadbeg, Co. Tipperary, son of Denis Treacy and Bridget Allis. 

From an early age, Seán had nationalist leanings, and in his teens he joined the Irish Republican Brotherhood (IRB) which later evolved into the Irish Republican Army (IRA). In August 1917, Seán was arrested and spent two months in jail. The following year he was rearrested and spent four months in jail. Then on 21 January 1919, along with other members of the IRA's Third Tipperary Brigade, including Dan Breen, Seán took part in the Soloheadbeg ambush in which three members of the Royal Irish Constabulary, who were escorting a transportation of explosives, were waylaid and shot dead. This was the first military incident of the War of Independence. A few months later, in Co. Limerick, Seán was seriously wounded in a successful attempt to free an I.R.A. prisoner who was being escorted to jail. He recovered, and throughout the latter half of 1919 and most of 1920 he led attacks against the British in Dublin and Co. Tipperary. But on 14 October 1920, in Talbot St. in Dublin, he was recognised by a police detective and in the ensuing gunfight Seán was killed, in front of the 'Republican Outfitters' at No. 94 Talbot Street. A small bronze shield above the door commemorates the spot.

Ref:

Ambrose, Joe (2007) Seán Treacy and the Tan War. Mercier Press, Cork.

Breen, Dan (1924) My fight for Irish Freedom.

O'Donnell, Ruan. introduction (2009) Limerick's Fighting Story 1916-21: Told by the Men Who Made It. Mercier Press, Cork [Originally published by The Kerryman in the 1940s]

Ryan, Desmond (1945) Sean Treacy and the Third Tipperary Brigade IRA. Anvil Books, Tralee.

 

He is buried in Kilfeacle Cemetery which isabout six miles east of Tipperary Town.          

sean treacy grave

 

sean treacy

 

 

 

Pension Application - File Reference 1D458
Bridget Treacy (d. 14 June 1941), mother of Seán Treacy (1894-14 Oct 1920 Talbot Street, Dublin), Soloheadbeg, Donohill, Tipperary

Other addresses: 1934 Nelson Street, Tipperary; 4 Upper St. Michael's Street, Tipperary; and June 1937 Lacken House, Hollyford, County Tipperary.
Associated files in MSPA 1D458 Substitute File; 2/2015; F536; C71;
Brigade Officer Commanding, Irish Republican, South Tipperary Brigade
Award Pensions: Army Pensions Act 1923/1953 Dependant's allowance
Scanned/digital copyW1D458SEANTREACY.pdf
Scanned/digital copyW1D458SUBSTITUTEFILESEANTREACY.pdf
Scanned/digital copyW2_2015SEANTREACY.pdf
Scanned/digital copyWC71SEANTREACY.pdf
Scanned/digital copyWF536SEANTREACY.pdf File dates 19 June 1925 - 8 November 1941
Subject Information: File relates to Bridget Treacy's receipt of a Dependant's Allowance under the Army Pensions Act, 1923 in respect of the death of her son Sean Treacy killed in a gun battle with British forces on Talbot Street, Dublin on 14 October 1920. According to the material on file Sean Treacy was serving as Brigade Officer Commanding, South Tipperary Brigade IRA at the time of his death. It is also stated that his death occurred following an attempt by British forces to raid a meeting being held between Treacy and members of IRA GHQ and IRA Dublin Brigade GHQ in connection with a planned attempt to rescue Dan Breen from the Mater Hospital in Dublin. Dan Breen had been wounded the previous day when involved with Sean Treacy in an incident with British forces at the home of Professor Carolan in Drumcondra, Dublin as a result of which two members of the British forces and Professor Carolan were killed. It is further stated that along with Sean Treacy, members of the British forces were killed and wounded and three civilians also killed in the incident which led to Treacy's death. Bridget Treacy was awarded a Gratuity of £100 (one hundred pounds sterling) in [October] 1925 which she refused to accept. This award was then increased to £150 (one hundred and fifty pounds sterling) in [November] of that year but Bridget Treacy again refused to accept it. In March 1927 Bridget Treacy was awarded and accepted an allowance of £1 (one pound sterling) per week in [March] 1927 payable from 1 April 1922. File includes: original signed handwritten and copy typed correspondence between Bridget Treacy and the Department of Defence and the Army Finance Office regarding the processing of her application/claim; signed typed report dated 16 July 1925 from Captain [Donnchadh] O Súilleabháin, Office of the Director of Intelligence to Lieutenant Tully, Adjutant General's Branch G.H.Q. regarding the circumstances surrounding the death of Sean Tracy; reports dated 1 August and 9 November 1925 from the Chief Superintendent's Office, Tipperary Division, Gárda Síochána regarding the general circumstances and means of Bridget Treacy; representations on behalf pf Bridget Treacy from J. J. Walsh T.D., Minister for Posts and Telegraphs and Seamus Burke T.D., Minister for Local Government and Public Health (1925 - 1926); handwritten signed memo marked "Personal" from [] dated 26 January 1926 addressed to the Army Finance Officer regarding Bridget Treacy's application; typed copy letter/report dated 11 June 1926 from the Army Finance Officer addressed to "President" regarding Bridget Treacy's case stating that it has been found impossible to assess the claimant's case as one of total dependency under the Army Pensions Act, 1923 and stating the writers view that the award of a total dependency allowance would not meet the merits of the case which in the writer's view deserves the award of a substantial lump sum of not less than £500 (five hundred pounds sterling), recommending that the proposed inclusion in the estimates under the Amending Pension Bill of a sum for extra regulation expenditure might be used as a means of increasing gratuities without the need for specific provision within the Bill, and noting that Bridget Treacy's case may not be able to wait until such monies might be made available; two typed copy signed and unsigned letters dated 9 March 1927 from Thomas Gorman, Army Finance Officer to the Secretary, Department of Finance regarding the case of Bridget Treacy and enclosing typed copy report dated 4 March 1926 from Eoin Ua Dubhthaigh (Eoin O' Duffy) regarding a personal visit he had made to Bridget Treacy at her home, stating his findings as to her means and circumstances and reporting her comments and views as to her application; and material relating to Bridget Treacy's sister and brother.

Ref: http://mspcsearch.militaryarchives.ie/detail.aspx#sthash.WeU2quXO.dpuf

Mrs Bridget Treacy, Soloheadbeg, Donohill, County Tipperary

Mrs B Treacy, Grant from Dail Special Fund (National Archives).

Record 3174 29/1/1926:    Copy minute to JJ Walsh, Minister for Posts and Telegraphs, 29 January 1926, stating that the President has read his letter concerning the case of Mrs Treacy, Soloheadbeg, Donohill, County Tipperary, and that he is addressing a special letter in connection with the case to the Minister for Defence.

Record 3175 29/1/1926:    Copy minute to the Minister for Defence from the President's Office, 29 January 1926, stating that the President thinks the case of Mrs Bridget Treacy is one in which a special attempt should be made to provide a pension for the applicant. She has been allowed the maximum gratuity under the Act [Army Pensions Act, 1923?] but he considers that the granting of a pension to her would be a more suitable alternative.

Record 3176 5/3/1926:      Letter to Banim from AW Waters, for the Chief of Collection, Irish Land Commission, 5 March 1926. He encloses a copy of the Fair Rent file relating to the holding of Mrs Bridget Treacy. `I am afraid it will not help you much beyond establishing the fact that Mrs. Treacy was not in occupation of the holding when the Fair Rent was fixed in 1892'.

Record 3177 4/3/1926:      Statement by General O Duffy, 4 March 1926, relating to the case of Mrs Treacy. When he was on inspection in Tipperary recently he called to see Mrs Treacy, the mother of Sean Treacy, killed in action in October 1920. She is in very bad circumstances. A once comfortable home is now derelict. Sean, the statement declares, was Mrs Treacy's only means of support following the death of her husband in 1918. `I believe Mrs Treacy is in debt, but she would not admit it. She, and her aged sister, who lives with her, have been under Doctor's care, suffering from neuritis, for a considerable time past. She would only admit that the Doctor and other friends in Tipperary town "were not hard on her". The poor woman has a certain amount of pride, and I had much difficulty in getting any particulars of her financial position. She preferred rather to talk of her son, who was her only child, to show me his photographs as a child, as an altar boy, and later on as a Volunteer in uniform, and she cherishes a copy-book in which he wrote extracts from the speeches of Emmett, Tone and Mitchell, when yet a boy, and to talk of his love and sufferings for Ireland… She is the ideal Irish mother and entertains no bitterness against anyone. She feels very keenly, however, that the offer of £150 from the Government belittled her son of whose bravery and patriotism she is so proud. She broke down when she said "others who are yet alive and well got large amounts because they looked for it. I thought the Government would do something decent for me, but they didn't mind the poor helpless widow who sacrificed her darling son"'. He believes the case is one of total dependency.

Record 3178 11/6/1926:    Minute to the President from the Army Finance Officer, 11 June 1926, relating to the case of Mrs Treacy. The minute states that it `has been found impossible to assess this lady's claim as one of total dependency under the Army Pensions Act of 1923'. The case could, he writes, only be dealt with by the payment of a substantial lump sum.

Record 3179 1/7/1926:      Extract from a letter of 1 July [1926] from Mrs Treacy. She writes that when General O Duffy visited her he arranged with her to accept the sum of £250 with a yearly gratuity of £50 which she considered reasonable. Since then she has heard no more.

Record 3180 5/7/1926:      Minute to the President from JJ Walshe, Department of Posts and Telegraphs, 5 July 1926, relating to the question of the payment of a gratuity to Mrs Treacy. He hopes, he writes `it will be possible to satisfy her'.

Record 3181 No date:       Statement, no date, relating to the case of Mrs Bridget Treacy. Mrs Treacy received £100 under the Army Pensions Act, 1923, in respect of the death of her son. This was subsequently raised to £150. `It is obvious that £150 does not represent adequate compensation in the present case and many people bitterly accuse the State of ungenerous treatment of the mother of Sean Treacy, a man who after yeoman service had finally given his life for his country'. The case was construed as one of partial dependency and nothing more can be done in the case in the absence of amending legislation [i.e that Mrs Treacy was only partially dependent on her son for the necessities of life]. The minute however, states that there `does appear to be a very definite element of total dependency.' The case against Mrs. Treacy is that she is in possession of a farm of land but `after all, does ownership of land necessarily imply the means of livelihood'.

Record 3182 30/12/1926: Minute from Cosgrave to D O'Hegarty, 30 December 1926, stating that he wants the Minister [for Defence] to reconsider the case of Mrs Treacy. He argues that the case of Mrs Treacy was one of total dependency on her son.

Record 3183 3/3/1927:      Minute to the President from Eoin O Duffy, 3 March 1927, stating that he was surprised to get a letter from Mrs Treacy stating that nothing has been done for her since he submitted his memorandum on the case almost a year ago. He quotes from her letter where she writes `you came to see me on behalf of our President, and I am looking forward all this time since in disappointment and humiliation which adds to the loss of my martyred and only child'. O Duffy writes `The case is, indeed, very exceptional; I know of none more so, and if the amount set out above [£250 or £50 yearly for her remaining years] cannot be paid from official funds it is the duty of us who know the circumstances to act promptly and save this very fine type of Irish mother from ending her days in distress and anxiety'.

Record 3184 3/1927:         Note by Paul Banim, March 1927, stating that the Board had awarded £1 per week to Mrs Treacy in respect of the death of her son and that £250 arrears are payable to her.

Record 3185 23/3/1927:    Minute to `A Pol' [Paul Banim] from Eoin O Duffy, 23 March 1927, thanking him for the draft for Mrs Treacy.

Record 3186 6/4/1927:      Minute to Paul Banim from Eoin O Duffy, stating that he gave the draft for £260.17.1 to Mrs Treacy. He also gave her a personal cheque for £50. A receipt is attached acknowledging the cheque. `She appeared to appreciate the latter as a special grant from the President more than the larger amount & asked as a special token of her gratitude to give the President the attached photo and memorial card of Sean…. The dear old lady is now happy perhaps for the first time since Sean's death'.

Record 3187 19/4/1927:    Letter to Cosgrave from B Treacy, 19 April 1927, thanking him for his consideration and kindness.

 

 

 

Stephen Treacy, senior, of NY and Dublin and Stephen, Treacy, junior, of Dublin

Stephen Treacy (of NY and Dublin), chairman of the Dublin branch of the Amalgamated Society of Wood-cutting Machinists' Trade Union. Both father and son were interred in Ballykinlar Camp, Co. Down in December 1920. On the their release in 1921, the train transported them back to Dublin, was fired on by Unionists and Stephen Treacy, senior, was wounded. His son, Stephen, was in the compartment with him. In October 1922, he was awarded £750 compensation for his injury.

 

33 Hut Ballykinlar Camp 1921 John Kelly Carlow?

 

Hut 33 Ballykinlar No.1 Camp

No.1 Top Row top left to right

1. Paddy Daly, Cavan

2. M Whelan, Dublin

x = 3rd from left unidentified

4.  Lacey or Treacey

5. P. Ryan, Galway

 

No.2 Row Left to Right

1. P Bartley Cavan

2. E Tully Galway

3. D Reilly Dublin

4. W Norris Dublin

5. W Reilly, Dublin

6. S. Sinnot, -

7. M. Matthews, England

8. H. Duffy, Cavan

9. J. Kelly, Clondalkin, Co. Dublin (who ??? picture)

 

No.3 Row Left to Right

1. G. Byrne, Dublin

2. S. Ryan, Athlone

3. D. Butler, Dublin

4. J. Lynch, Dublin

5. T. Leonard, Cavan

6. P. Macshay, Cavan

 

No.4 Row Left to Right

1. S. Treacy, Dublin [junior]

2. T. O Keeffe, Dublin

not identified

4. R. Lynch, Cavan

 

 

 

Original photo of 24 men interned in Ballykinlar camp probably taken in early 1921 and quite similar to the one to be found on the back of the book ‘My dear Eva’ by Peader Kearney. Likely to be taken on a camera apparently smuggled into Ballykinlar camp.


Photograph supplied by Danny Osborne, who is researching John Kelly from no 9 lock, Clondalkin, Dublin.

http://www.rootschat.com/forum/index.php?PHPSESSID=flqmgc5ch33jmn51n0nqr028m0&topic=486740.0

 

Jul 30, 1921 (FJ) Prisoners Released

...Kerry prisoners were released unconditionally from Ballykinlar Camp on Tuesday morning:...- Treacy...Castlegregory...

 

 

On the following morning the occupants of each line of huts were brought out on parade, numbered and checked and marched to Ballykinlar Railway Halt some half mile from the Camp proper. The men were fully provided for in the way of eatables and refreshments. The Camp supply of food was exhausted in view of the fact that it was closing down. After a delay of an hour or thereabout at Ballykinlar Railway Halt we entrained for Banbridge. The men were very jubilant and wefe singing and enjoying their new-found liberty. Just as the train was steaming into Banbridge, fire was opened on us from both. sides of the railway embankment, presumably by elements of the Orange Order who, apparently, had received advance information of our arrival and who were out to create as much disturbance as possible. Three of the occupants of the train were seriously wounded, one of whom, as a result of his wounds, was crippled for life and died in September 1953. This man whose name was Tracey subsequently took an action against the Northern Government and was awarded £1,000 compensation for his injury. There was no further incident on the journey from Banbridge where we had a tumultous reception from the local townspeople and various representatives of the local bodies and organisations. After a delay of about an hour we proceeded on our journey and arrived at Amiens Street at about 6.30 that evening where we were further acclaimed by thousands of the population.

Witness: Michael O'Flanagan, Member IV, Dublin, 1916; IRA, 1921

 

 

Army Pension Application of Christopher Ennis, 27 Temple Street, Dublin...Military Service Pensions Acts 1934...original signed handwritten and copy typed statements regarding subject's service from...Stephen Treacy...

Ref: http://mspcsearch.militaryarchives.ie/detail.aspx?parentpriref=#sthash.FeA8b0Hq.dpuf

 

 

 

 

TJ [Thomas?] Treacy, Cootehall Roscommon

Feb 9, 1923 (FJ) Boyle Arrests

National troops from Boyle made several important captures this week...TJ Treacy, Cootehall...[Roscommon]

 

Thomas Treacy, Private Royal Irish Regiment, of Mardike, Killenaule, Co. Tipperary.

Thomas Treacy. Reg. No. 11162. Rank Private, Royal Irish Regiment 3rd batt. Died of wounds home 24/4/1916. Born Mardike, Killenaule, Co. Tipperary.

Royal Irish Regiment personnel who were in action in Dublin in 1916

11162 Pte Thomas Treacy, Mordike, Co. Tipperary. DOW 24/4/1916. (Killenaule)

Buried in a collective grave in the EHB Office Grounds, Kilmainham. (see below)

TREACY, THOMAS. Rank: Private. Regiment or Service: Royal Irish Regiment. Unit; 3rd Bn. Date of Death: 24-4-1916. Service No: 11162. Born in Mordike Co Tipperary. Enlisted in Clonmel while living in Mordike Co Tipperary. Died of wounds at home. Grave or Memorial Reference: Collective Grave. Cemetery: Eastern Health Board Offices Grounds of Kilmainham in Dublin.

Tom enfield 17 April 2010

 

Thomas Tracey/Treacy, from [Roscrea?] Tipperary. Casements Irish Brigade

I am researching Casements Irish Brigade, which was the attempt by Sir Roger Casement to raise a brigade from Irish Prisoners of War in Germany in WW1 and take them back to fight for Irish independence.
The attempt never worked, he only got 56 recruits, one of whom was Thomas Tracey, but I have little on the man. it comes down to:

"Casement just records him as a labourer before joining. Keogh (the sergeant major who ran the Irish Brigade) has him as Thomas Tracey, a big six footer from [Roscrea?] Tipperary. And records that Tracey supervised the Irishmen's mascot, a red-haired terrier called Rebel, who enjoyed catching the many rats in Zossen camp. I cannot find a service record nor a pension record. Nor a Medal card. One would expect him to be in Royal Irish Regt if he came from Tipperary."

Casement came back to Ireland just before the Easter Rising in 1916 with a boatload of rifles, but was caught and hanged. The Irish Brigade were left in Germany, and most just merged back into Irish life after the war
Any information on Thomas Tracey?
Regards

David Grant david@corisande.com 17 April 2010

http://www.irishbrigade.eu/recruits/tracey.html

 

The following is a list of members of the casement Irish Brigade in Germany 1914-1916, "A" and "B" Companies, 10 Teams Machine-Gun Corps, Trish Volunteers...

46. Thomas Tracey.

Volunteer. Served in the Munsters.

Born in Co. Tipperary. Dead.

Witness: Michael J Kehoe, Member Irish Brigade, Germany, 1916 [signed 29/10/1952]

 

Captain Thomas Treacy, Commandant IRA Kilkenny, Commandant Ballykinlar Camp & Kilkenny City Councillor

Thomas Treacy, of 30 Dean Street, Kilkenny was in 1916 Captain 'A' Company Irish Volunteers, Kilkenny City. In March 1916, on St Patrick's Day, the Kilkenny city battalion of the Irish volunteers parade was under the command of Captain Kelly and Captain Treacy. After the rising in June 1916 he was one of the 100 prisoners deported from the Richmond Barracks, Dublin and lodged in Wakefield Detention Barracks, England. By August 1917, he was back in Kilkenny and was elected as sanitary sub-officer and waste-water inspector of Kilkenny. In 1918 he was Battalion Commandant of Kilkenny City and North Kilkenny. In September 1918, while 'on the run', he resided in the house of his mother-in-law, Mrs. Anne O'Regan, 30, Dean St., Kilkenny, where he  was very well looked after. In January 1920 he was elected for St. Canice's Ward as a Sein Fein candidate.  In March 10, 1920 as a result of the raid on Hugginstown, his private house was raided by Police. In May 1920 he was one of the Irish Hunger Strikers released from Wormwood Scrubes prison and was later discharged from St. Mary's Infirmary, Highgate. In December 1920, he was detained at Kilworth Camp. In October 1921 he was Acting Camp Commandant at Ballykinlar Camp, Co. Down and was released in December 1921. He took no part in the Civil War. In 1924 he was secretary of the Kilkenny County Board of Health.

 

 

Bureau of Military History (1913-1921) - Witness Statements

Thomas Treacy

Address: 30 Dean Street, Kilkenny

W/S No: 0590

Position: Captain ‘A’ Company Irish Volunteers, Kilkenny 1916

Witness Statement Part 1

W/S No: 1093

Position: Battalion Commandant, Kilkenny 1917-

Position: Brigade Commandant, Kilkenny 1918

Witness Statement Part 2

 

 

 

 

 

...April [1917]...Peter Deloughry, T. C, Treasurer of St. Mary's Branch National Defense Fund, was arrested in Kilkenny under the Defense of the Realm Act. No charge was made against him. He was brought to the police barracks after his arrest and shortly after midnight was motored to the military barracks, where he was detained overnight. He was conveyed under strong military and police escort to the railway station on Saturday morning and removed to Dublin in the custody of the police. About 2 a. m., his house was visited by a body of police and a search made for arms or incriminating documents, but none was found. The residence of T. Treacy, Irish Volunteer Captain, Dean Street, also was visited by the police with a view to his arrest, but Mr. Treacy was not found. Both Deloughry and Treacy were amongst the Kilkenny prisoners arrested after Easter week, and were kept in detention for some months.

Wheeler, Charles Newton (1919) The Irish Republic; an analytical history of Ireland,1914-1918, ... . Chicago

 

Thomas Tracy, Dublin Guards Reserve & Mayo

Aug 4, 1922 (FJ) Killed in Mayo Ambush

Two Nationalist Soldiers buried in Glasnevin...Thomas Tracy...Dublin Guards Reserve, National Army killed in an ambush at Newport Co. Mayo on July 23...

 

Tracey, boy of Dublin

[1916 Rising Dublin]  We were marched off to the Castle and paraded in front of the Clock Tower. Then we were marched out through Ship Street gate and along Thomas Street until we came to Richmond Barracks at Inchicore. Mere we were lined up in the square and searched. I met here a boy named Tracey from Lower Rutland Street, whose father was a sergeant in the Army, and he promised to bring home word that we were alive...

Witness: Garry Holohan, Senior Officer, Fianna Eireann, 1914 - 1921

 

Tracey, Capt & Tracey, Lieut,  1st Battalion of the Dublin Regiment of the National Volunteers [Sean?]

Nov 16, 1914 (FJ) Messrs Dillon & Devlin MPs to Speak

A great public meeting in connection with the ceremony of opening the new Drill Hall at 42 North Brunswick street, the headquarters of the 1st Battalion Regiment...A guard of honour to Mr. Devlin and the other Nationalist leaders will be on parade under the command of Captain Peter O'Connor, Captain Treacy, and other officiers of the battalion...

Nov 19, 1914 (FJ) The Lesson of South Africa

Last night Mr. John Dillon, MP, opened the spacious new Drill Hall of the 1st Battalion of the Dublin Regiment of the National Volunteers at 42 North Great Brunswick street...on the platform...Capt Tracey...Lieut Tracey...

Apr 5, 1915 (FJ) At the Saluting Base

The salute was taken by Mr. Redmond....A guard of honour from the 1st and 7th Battalions...under the following officers...1st Battalion (200 men)...Lieuts...Treacy...

 

Tracy, Captain of Cranagh, Co. Tyrone

On 12th July 1922 Hugh O'Rourke and I procured a horse and cart and started for Granagh near Plumbridge to take a load of ammunition to Greencastle. At Granagh there was a large dump of arms stored which had been sent in from Donegal some time previously for use in Northern Ireland. When we arrived at Cranagh we were met by a man named Tracy who Was captain of the local company.

Witness: Sean Corr, Commandant IRA, Tyrone, 1921

 

Treacy, boatman on the Shannon [Co. Roscommon?]

It was due only to the great strength of Treacy the boatmen combined with his river craft that we reached the opposite bank. The boat sank beneath the water as we jumped shore. On one occasion previous to this Treacy with others was engaged in a more unpleasant and gruesome excursion in the Shannon. The mission was not of their choosing but because it was the "Irish hirelings" (a spy) wish - who had got to take the extreme penalty - to be drowned in preference to meeting a soldier's death by shooting. As the spy slid over the edge of the boat in midstream Treacy, as if speaking to himself, said: "I will never die content until the Shannon is full of you".

Witness: Patrick Mullooly, Senior Officer IRA, Roscommon, 1921

 

Treacy, Captain, at Limerick

Sep 4, 1922 (FJ) Limerick, Sunday

...Kilworth Camp, Co. Cork...Captain Quinn who had been ambushed the previous day in Corbally, was in charge of the party which included Capt. Treacy...They left Limerick on patrol duty...Captain Treacy [captured 6 irregulars]...

 

Treacy, Castlegregory, Co. Kerry

Jul 30, 1921 (FJ) Prisoners Released

...Kerry prisoners were released unconditionally from Ballykinlar Camp on Tuesday morning:...- Treacy...Castlegregory...

 

Tracey [or Lacey], Barrack Street, Wexford Town

Once I went to a wake with other lads from our street to Barrack Street. A young man Tracey [presumed to be Lacey], who had taken the Republican side, was shot in an ambush between the Free State Army and the Republicans at Kyle Cross, on the Enniscorthy-Wexford road, during the Civil War. Barrack Street runs at right-angles to Parnell Street at the west end of the street.

James G. Delaney. Wexford Memories. The Past: The Organ of the Uí Cinsealaigh Historical Society, No. 20 (1997), pp. 53-79

 

 

Online Refs:

 

Bureau of Military History http://www.bureauofmilitaryhistory.ie/index.html

 

Sinn Fein Rebellion handbook, Easter, 1916. http://openlibrary.org/books/OL24161961M/Sinn_Fein_Rebellion_handbook_Easter_1916.

 

They Put The Flag a’Flyin by Kathleen Hegarty Thorne. Online Index http://www.generationpublishing.com/book_index.pdf

Treacy, Frank (Cloonfree Coy.) 40, 445

Treacy, James (Mountbellew, Ballinasloe) 458

Treacy, John Joseph (Ballinturly, Fuerty) 445

Treacy, Joseph (Dunmore Coy., Co. Galway) 454

Treacy, Michael (North Longford Flying Column) 462

Treacy, Nora (Ballinturly, Fuerty) 445

Treacy, Pat (Ballinturly, Fuerty) 445

Treacy, Patrick (Glenamaddy Coy.) 445, 453, 454

Treacy, Patrick (Kilteevan Coy.) 207, 445

Treacy, Sean (Tipperary) 24, 109

Treacy, Thomas (Cootehall) 141, 165, 194, 445

 

After The 1916 Rising Those Arrested Were Dispersed To Various Jails Thoughout Ireland, England, Scotland And Wales.

308 To Knutsford On 3rd May...Tracy, John...

375 To Wakefield On 6th May, Ballsbridge Party...Treacy, James...

100 To Wakefield On 2nd June...Tracey, T...Tracey, M...

Dublin, Tracey, John, Rathmines Tce

Kilkenny, Treacy Thomas, Kilkenny City;

Galway, Treacy Mick;

The Following Were Detained At Richmond Barracks On 20th May 1916:

Tracey, I [T?]; Treacy, Michael.

South Dublin Union...Tracey Sean...

http://www.rollofhonourirl.com/prison-records.php

 

 

 

 

Last update: 03 October 2014